During human history Oceans have been respected and feared, have been told by literates and have been travelled by passionate explorers. Today they are place of a new era of exploration, a challenging endeavour, possibly even more than space exploration. Deep ocean is dark, mostly cold, and with extreme pressures. But its prohibitive conditions could be faced by high-tech, expressly designed devices, combined in platforms variously powered and connected for data transfers: ocean observatories.
EMSO Regional Facilities host several types of ocean observatories through the water column down to abyss, from polar to subtropical environments. These suites of sensors measure up to almost 30 groups of parameters, such as currents, temperature, chlorophyll, oxygen, etc. Scientific activities carried out are multidisciplinary and cover four main scientific disciplines: geosciences, physical oceanography, biogeochemistry and marine ecology.
Each of these disciplines covers a full range of scientific topics as listed below.