The W1M3A observing system is one of the most important infrastructures of the National Research Council of Italy and it is moored in the North-Western Mediterranean Sea, inside the area known as the “Cetacean’s Sanctuary”. It is a region dominated by a quasi-permanent cyclonic circulation fed by two distinct fluxes, one from the Tyrrhenian Sea through the Corsica Channel and the other from the northwestern side of Corsica which merge there before cascading in the western part of the basin toward the deep canyons in front of Genoa.
This observatory allows the monitoring of the conditions and the sea state by continuously acquiring meteorological, physical, bio-geochemical, wave and underwater sound measurements. The buoy can be imagined as a “miniature island” able to offer a substrate for the development of a rich biological community as many organisms settle and develop on the buoy, colonizing its entire underwater surface.
EMSO scientific disciplines: physical oceanography, biogeochemistry, atmosphere, underwater sound.